4-terpineol, ajenuz, alanine, alkaloids, alpha-hederin, alpha-spinasterol, arachidonic acid protein, aranuel, arginine, ascorbic acid, asparagine, Baraka, beta-sitosterol, black caraway, black cumin, black cumin seed, black onion seed, blackseed, blessed seed, calcium, campesterol, carvacrol, carvone, charnushka (Russian), citronellol, cominho negro, cominho-negro dicotyledon, copper, corek otu (Turkish), cymene, crude fiber, crystalline nigellone, cymene, cystine, d-limonene, dehydroascorbic acid, dihomolinoleic acid, dithymoquinone, eicosadienoic acid, fennel flower, fennel-flower, fitch, folacin, glucose, glutamic acid, glycine, habbah Albarakah, Habbatul Baraka, hazak (Hebrew), iron, isoleucine, kalonji (Hindi), leucine, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, lipase, love in the mist, lysine, melanin, methionine, myristic acid, nigella, Nigella damascene L., Nigella sativa, Nigella suava L., Nigelle de Crete, nigellicin, nigellidin, nigellimin, nigellimin-N-oxide, nigellin, nigellone, niacin, nutmeg flower, nutmeg-flower, oleic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, pentacyclic triterpene, phenylalanine, phosphorus, phytosterols, potassium, pyridoxine, Ranunculaceae (family), riboflavin, Roman coriander, saponin, Schwarzkummel, seeds of blessing, siyah daneh (Persian), sodium, stearic acid, stigmasterol, tannin, terpine, threonine, thymohydroquinone, thymol, thymoquinone, toute epice, TQ, tryptophan, tyrosine, zinc.
Note: According to secondary sources, other names used for black seed are onion seed and black sesame (both of which are similar-looking but unrelated). Frequently, the seeds are referred to as black cumin, however while this may refer to the seeds of Nigella sativa, this may also refer to the seeds of a different plant, Bunium persicum.
Clinical Bottom Line/EffectivenessBrief Background:
Black seed (Nigella sativa) is an annual flowering plant native to southwest Asia. It has a pungent bitter taste and a faint smell ofstrawberries. It is used primarily in candies and liquors, as well as medicinally. In many Arabian, Asian, and African countries, black seed oil is used as a natural remedy for a wide range of diseases (1), including various allergies.
Four separate studies in patients with allergies (allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, atopic eczema) report that black seed decreased subjective measures of allergic disease severity, slightly decreased plasma triglycerides, and slightly increased HDL cholesterol (2). However, a limited number of high-quality human trials support the use of black seed for any indication.
Black seed contains a number of compounds that have been implicated as having potential anticancer properties, including thymoquinone (TQ) (3). Secondary sources indicate that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted a patent for a drug based on a pharmaceutical composition containing extracts of Nigella sativa to be used as an immune system stimulant, cancer treatment, and for prevention of anticancer chemotherapy side effects.
Black seed is on the FDA Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) list.
Where to buy Black seed oil